Genesis 19:1-29 Sodom & Gomorrah
1 “Now the two angels came to Sodom
in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom. When Lot
saw them, he rose to meet them, and he bowed himself with his face toward the
ground. 2 And he said,
"Here now, my lords, please turn in to your servant's house and spend the
night, and wash your feet; then you may rise early and go on your way."
And they said, "No, but we will spend the night in the open square." 3 But he insisted
strongly; so they turned in to him and entered his house. Then he made them a
feast, and baked unleavened bread, and they ate.
before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of Sodom, both old and young, all the people
from every quarter, surrounded the house. 5 And they called to Lot and said to him, "Where are the men who came to
you tonight? Bring them out to us that we may know them carnally." 6 So Lot went out to them through the doorway, shut the door
behind him, 7 and said,
"Please, my brethren, do not do so wickedly! 8 See now, I have two daughters who have not
known a man; please, let me bring them out to you, and you may do to them as
you wish; only do nothing to these men, since this is the reason they have come
under the shadow of my roof." 9 And they said, "Stand back!" Then they
said, "This one came in to stay here, and he keeps acting as a judge; now
we will deal worse with you than with them." So they pressed hard against
the man Lot, and came near to break down the
door. 10 But the men reached
out their hands and pulled Lot into the house
with them, and shut the door. 11 And they struck the men who were at the doorway of the house
with blindness, both small and great, so that they became weary trying to find
the men said to Lot, "Have you anyone
else here? Son-in-law, your sons, your daughters, and whomever you have in the
city--take them out of this place! 13 For we will destroy this place,
because the outcry against them has grown great before the face of the LORD, and the LORD has sent us to
destroy it." 14 So Lot went out and
spoke to his sons-in-law, who had married his daughters,
and said, "Get up, get out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city!" But
to his sons-in-law he seemed to be joking.
the morning dawned, the angels urged Lot to
hurry, saying, "Arise, take your wife and your two daughters who are here,
lest you be consumed in the punishment of the city." 16 And while
he lingered, the men took hold of his hand, his wife's hand, and the hands of
his two daughters, the LORD
being merciful to him, and they brought him out and set him outside the city. 17 So it
came to pass, when they had brought them outside, that he said, "Escape
for your life! Do not look behind you nor stay anywhere in the plain. Escape to
the mountains, lest you be destroyed." 18 Then Lot
said to them, "Please, no, my lords! 19 Indeed now, your servant has
found favor in your sight, and you have increased your mercy which you have
shown me by saving my life; but I cannot escape to the mountains, lest some
evil overtake me and I die. 20 See now, this city is near enough to
flee to, and it is a little one; please let me escape there (is it not a little
place?) and my soul shall live." 21 And he said to him, "See, I have favored you concerning
this thing also, in that I will not overthrow this city for which you have
spoken. 22 Hurry,
escape there. For I cannot do anything until you arrive there."
Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.
23 The sun had risen upon the earth when Lot
entered Zoar. 24 Then
the LORD rained
brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the LORD out of the heavens. 25 So He overthrew those
cities, all the plain, all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the
ground. 26 But his wife looked
back behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.
27 And Abraham went early in the morning to the place where
he had stood before the LORD.
28 Then he looked toward
Sodom and Gomorrah,
and toward all the land of the plain; and he saw, and behold, the smoke of the
land which went up like the smoke of a furnace.
it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered
Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when He overthrew the
cities in which Lot had dwelt.” NKJV
The two men who left while Yahowah was
talking to Abraham now arrive in Sodom
in the evening and are clearly identified as angels.
Lot is sitting in the gate of Sodom where the leaders of the town sit as
officials and administrators and judges.
them with hospitality calling them Adon (my lords, which is a short version of Adoney),
and inviting them to refresh themselves and spend the night in his home.
This is common courtesy and very similar to the
greeting Abraham extended to them at his tent. However, Abraham did not invite
them to stay over night because it was still early in the heat of the day.
The angels declined the invitation, which is
also viewed as common courtesy, but being on a mission they would be exposed to
the city night life confirming the evil they were investigating.
Yet we know that God knows all that is thought
as well as what is said and done by man; hence God did not need
to send an investigation team to check out the story. It was for the sake of Lot and because
of the love God had for Abraham and the concern Abraham felt toward Lot that caused God to send the angels to save him. [Genesis 19:29]
Lot insisted, then the angels accepted his invitation. Because the wickedness was so great, the men
did not need to be in the open square to experience the threat of the great
wickedness of the city. The wicked people aggressively sought them out for
their own mischief.
This is the same aggressiveness
that homosexuals today exhibit when they get together and lobby blatantly, in
the face of the moral people of our country, for laws to be changed that will
require righteous people to accept their depraved practices as normal and
acceptable alternate life styles.
Wicked people need to realize (become consciously aware)
that God is not influenced by our popular vote, or by our views concerning His
“approval rating,” as the news media suggests.
Righteousness is solely
established by the Commandments of God Himself, and is only administered
by complying human laws. Changing laws
to favour wickedness does not
make the wickedness suddenly become righteousness.
that he still had a speck of righteousness in himself by attempting to defend
the angels from the mob.
The homosexual mob demonstrated their rejection
of any and all righteous influence as they threatened Lot
and rejected his plea for them to restrain themselves toward his guests.
Lot, who attempted to defend the angels, himself
needed their help as they reached out and pulled Lot back inside, then
blinded the mob at the door.
We so often get ourselves into trouble attempting to
help God instead of trusting Him. The Almighty Creator is
able to defend Himself and us in the process. It is human nature to think that the only
thing that is real is what we see tangibly or can do ourselves. That is why Abraham ended up with Ishmael.
God wants us to let Him be God and to trust Him in
Abraham had asked for the city to be saved if
fifty righteous men could be found in it.
This number diminished until the figure was down to ten. Then the angels allowed Lot
time to gather in all his family and their spouses, but the sons-in-law thought
he was joking; thus they did not take advantage of the opportunity to be
How like the response today,
people all around us will mock and ridicule our call for their repentance, not
knowing that without God’s Salvation offered in Christ Jesus, there is no hope
to escape the Lake
of Fire. They prefer to believe the lie rather than
repent and be saved. [John 12:40, Acts
This demonstrates human arrogance
and egotism, thinking we can save ourselves by our own righteousness in doing
what is right in our own eyes.
That was the major problem during the time of the judges and a direct
violation of the Commandment of God through Moses.
[Deuteronomy 12:8, Judges 17:6]
According to Ezekiel, the homosexual practice
was not the only reason for Sodom’s
destruction, for it was full of pride, fullness of food, and abundance of
idleness, nor did they
care for the poor and needy. [see Ezekiel 16:48-49]
When given an opportunity to be saved from the
Wrath and Judgment of God, Lot like many
today, delayed until he had to be physically dragged out of the targeted area
by the angels -showing the mercy and patience of God.
This also demonstrates the grip
that earthly possessions and creature comforts wield over many
individuals. When we know it will all
imminently be burned up, we still linger and resist leaving it behind even to
the saving of our own lives.
Then like men today, Lot attempted to negotiate with God about the coming
judgment of wickedness in the area. The
surprising thing was that God accepted his argument and spared a city of wicked
at his request.
And it is evident that Lot did indeed understand the extent of the perilous
situation he was in by his expression “You have increased your mercy which you
have shown me by saving my life.”
Of all the wealth Lot had as he
chose to live in Sodom, when his sons-in-law rejected his plea for their
safety, Lot now doesn’t have even ten men who are righteous that God should spare
the place for their sake. So, Lot left Sodom with only his wife
and two daughters. Then, he lost his wife when she disobeyed the LORD and looked back, she became a pillar of salt.
God brought Lot safely out of Sodom with the condition
that he not look back.
This shows that one is required to make a choice…to obey or not to
obey. We face the same difficulty when
it comes to choosing to walk away from all we have acquired and put our trust entirely
in God’s hands. He requires us to obey
God kept His Word and rained fire
and brimstone (burning
sulfur) on Sodom and Gomorrah.
Remains of sulfur chunks have been found by archeologists in the deep
ash covering the area.
Some of the pieces of sulfur were extinguished
as the surrounding ash smothered out the fire and the remnant
of those pieces are still imbedded in the ash of the area.
There was no volcano, fire came down in the pattern
of heavy rain over the entire area as God said, “out of heaven,” so now with
all nutrients burned out of the soil, nothing will grow there at all in the
remaining ash and it is used as a site for garbage dump land fill. This area is located at the foot of Masada,
beside the Dead Sea.
Abraham was anxious to know if there were at
least ten righteous persons left in Sodom, so he
returned to the place where he had talked with Yahowah the day before and
looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah and the land of the plain. There he saw the smoke of the land rising
like the smoke of a furnace, and he knew.
Elohiym (God) sent Lot out before He overthrew the
cities in which Lot dwelt, because Elohiym (God) “Remembered
Human nature, and the character of God (His great grace, mercy and
patience as well as His severity against evil), is revealed in this
story. [Romans 11:22]
The deliverance of Lot from the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
becomes an example used by the New Testament writers showing that God knows how
to deliver the righteous out of judgment and reserve the ungodly under
punishment on the day of judgment. [2 Peter 2:4-9]
Sodom and Gomorrah become examples
used by Jesus and New Testament writers to demonstrate the severity of the
judgment of God. [Jude 1:7, Matthew 10:15, Mark
6:11, Luke 17:26-37]